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Warfare - Roman Legion $2 2oz antique finish silver coin, 6.42 mm thickness.
This wonderful coin is the first release in the new three coin series "Warfare" and it is dedicated to the Roman Legion. The coin has a great design with an amazing high relief and comes packaged in an attractive case accompanied by NFC 3D goggles.
Limited mintage of 2,000 pcs. With luxury box and numbered COA.
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|Face Value :||2 Dollars|
|Metal :||.999 Fine silver|
|Weight :||2 oz|
|Size :||40.60 mm|
|Quality :||Antique finish|
|Mintage :||2,000 pcs. worldwide|
|Certificate of Authenticity :||Yes|
|Original ETUI box/case :||Yes|
|Designer :||Lucas Bowers|
A Roman legion (from Latin legio "military levy, conscription", from legere "to choose") was the largest unit of the Roman army, evolving from 3,000 men in the Roman Republic to over 5,200 men in the Roman Empire, consisting of centuries as the basic units. Until the middle of the first century, ten cohorts (about 5,000 men) made up a Roman Legion. This was later changed to nine cohorts of standard size (with six centuries at 80 men each) with the first cohort being of double strength (five double-strength centuries with 160 men each).
In the early Roman Kingdom the "legion" may have meant the entire Roman army but sources on this period are few and unreliable. The subsequent organization of legions varied greatly over time but legions were typically composed of around five thousand soldiers, divided during the republican era into three lines of ten maniples, and from about 100 BC into ten cohorts. Legions also included a small ala or cavalry unit. By the third century AD, the legion was a much smaller unit of about 1,000 to 1,500 men, and there were more of them. In the fourth century AD, East Roman border guard legions (limitanei) may have become even smaller. In terms of organisation and function, the republican era legion may have been influenced by the ancient Greek and Macedonian phalanx.
For most of the Roman Imperial period, the legions formed the Roman army's elite heavy infantry, recruited exclusively from Roman citizens, while the remainder of the army consisted of auxiliaries, who provided additional infantry and the vast majority of the Roman army's cavalry. (Provincials who aspired to citizenship gained it when honourably discharged from the auxiliaries). The Roman army, for most of the Imperial period, consisted mostly of auxiliaries rather than legions.
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